There are other causes of foot pain, more serious, that need attention from a health care professional. These include gout, broken bones and arthritis. Foot pain can be treated with simple medication found over the counter. One such product, PAINenz, is a a roll-on topical analgesic that has been found to be effective in the fight against feet pain. The main ingredient , capsaicin is known for its pain-relieving properties. People who over-pronate, who have a genetic-based predisposition to roll their feet inward too much every time they step, are also susceptible. When they do this, it can put pressure on the big toe and first metatarsal.
The podiatrist will evaluate the entire lower extremity from hip to toe to determine if the child is experiencing any weakness or pain and to pinpoint the exact level where the deformity begins. Symptoms of flat foot can include pain in the foot, ankle or knee. The child may have a history of clumsiness, ask to be carried often or avoid physical activity. The doctor will take x-rays to evaluate the joints and alignment of the bones. Therefore, it is common for children to undergo physical therapy to learn stretches and exercises that target the calf muscles to allow for more normal biomechanics or foot function.
It has also been shown that arch structure plays a role in lower extremity kinetics and kinematics 5 , and that different arch structures lead to different injury patterns in runners. 6 From a muscular perspective there is some evidence that pronated feet demonstrate greater activation of inverter musculature and a decreased activation of everter musculature. 7 Although there is some lack of agreement between studies evaluating the association between foot posture and injury, it is widely accepted that foot posture, in combination with other factors, influences the risk of injury in sport 8
situation and determined that orthoses stabilize and restore the medial longitudinal arch. Furthermore, Kitaoka et al 16 demonstrated a significant improvement in arch alignment and structural alignment of the lower limbs with the use of orthoses in cadavers. Given the limitations of the literature, however, the transferability of the findings has little clinical value as all studies have focused primarily on static conditions. Cunningham EA, Perry SD. Lower extremity kinematic effects of medial arch support among functionally flatfooted individuals. Presented at the North American Congress on Biomechanics, Ann Arbor, Michigan, August 2008
Before we despair too much or invest too heavily in tricked out foot orthotics, we may all do well to consider the rather fascinating principles of how kids’ feet develop. And, that those flat feet are not such a worry about after all. The 26 bones that occupy the distal end of our lower extremities have are a dynamic bunch in the first decade of life. Foot growth and anatomy illustrate some key fundamentals of how kids’ feet grow, and what is (and isn’t) normal. For this reason, it can be very difficult, and challenging, (for parents and doctors alike) to determine what, if any evaluation and/or treatment is necessary.
Physical Therapy. For those who are afraid of surgery and are not ready to undergo a risky operation, physical therapy is a good alternative. They will only need to visit a specialist, ask for an assessment and ask for a regimen that they can do to alleviate the pain and improve their conditions. This one is the most popular because it can even improve the way most people live. REMOVABLE, DUAL-DENSITY INSOLE with Drillex cover wicks moisture away from the foot to keep it healthy and dry. The insole permanently forms to the foot, where the molded bottom provides additional cushioning.